Amelia Earhart's British-built aircraft had already seen an adventurous life before being bought by the famous American woman pilot. Taken to South Africa by its first owner, Lady Mary Heath, formerly Mrs Elliot-Lynn, it made the first solo flight (and the first flight by a woman pilot) from Cape Town to England.

Sources: ¨Woman and Flying¨ by Lady Heath and Stella Wolf Murray, 1929
Numerous biographies of Amelia Earhart
Federal Aviation Authority (USA) and Civil Aviation Authority (UK) archives

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All dates quoted are dd/mm/yy
Avro 594 Avian III - Construction number (c/n) R.3/AV/412
29.10.27 Registered G-EBUG, Certificate of Registration No.1510 to Lady Heath,
Manchester, 85hp A.D.C. Cirrus II engine
10.27 First flight at Hamble, pilot Bert Hinkler
17.11.27 Certificate of Airworthiness No.1245 to Lady Mary Heath (formerly Mrs.
18.11.27 Shipped to South Africa, arrived in Cape Town 6.12.27
5.1.28 Cape Town-Port Elizabeth, to East London on 9th
28.1.28 24 mile race, Baragwanath, 1st
25.2.28 Pretoria-Bulawayo, delayed at Bulawayo by sun-stroke
28.2.28 Bulawayo-Livingstone, continued to Broken Hill next day
4.3.28 Broken Hill-N´dola, to Abercorn next day
7.3.28 Abercorn-Tabora, to Mwanza next day
14.3.28 Mwanza-Nairobi
22.3.28 Nairobi-Jinja via Kisumu
28.3.28 Junja-Mongalla
30.3.28 Mongalla-Kosti via Malakal, to Khartoum next day
2.4.28 Khartoum-Atbara, to Wadi Halfa next day, escorted by 47 Sqn Fairey IIIF, Sgt Baker
4.4.28 Wadi Halfa-Cairo
15.4.28 Cairo-Sollum
16.4.28 Damaged rear fuselage while taxying for take-off at Sollum, left
on 23rd for Benghazi
24.4.28 Bengazi-Serti via Aghaila, to Tripoli next day, delayed in Tripoli by fever
5.5.28 Tripoli-Tunis via Sfax, to Naples via Catania next day
7.5.28 Naples-Rome
14.5.28 Rome-Marseilles, to Dijon next day, to Paris on the 16th
17.5.28 Arrived at Croydon via Lympne after 5,132 miles in 72 flying hours
6.28 Overhauled by makers, fitted with new engine, s//n 423/2
c24.6.28 Flown by Amelia Earhart (AE) at Croydon, bought by her on condition
that Lady Heath might buy it back when she arrived in USA

AE flys G-EBUG

AE prepares to fly G-EBUG (photo via John W. Underwood)

29.6.28 U.K. marks cancelled "Withdrawn from use"
1.7.28 Bought by AE from A.V. Roe & Co. Ltd. (on U.S. Application
document, from Lady Heath on a later accident report)
7.7.28 Shipped to USA from Liverpool on White Star liner "Baltic"
15.8.28 Application for Identified Aircraft status, c/n number given as
"None", 100 substituted, became Identified Aircraft 7083, c/n 100 (Sub)
to Amelia Earhart, Boston, Mass on 1.9.28
31.8.28 Ground-looped on landing at Rodgers Field, Pittsburg, u/c,
propeller and port wing damaged, AE and George Putnam, still
carrying G-EBUG with 7083 on tail
1.9.28 Repaired with parts from a new Avian bought by AE, possibly
NC541E, c/n 196
3.9.28 Arrived Belleville, IL, ex Dayton, to Hat Box Field, Muskogee,
OK next day via a forced-landing near Cuba, MO
6.9.28 Force-landed at Pecos, TX with engine trouble
13.9.28 Arrived Glendale, CA
17.9.28 Accident at Glendale

Glendale accident

Glendale accident (photo via John W. Underwood)

30.9.28 Force-landed at Tintic, Utah, nosed over and broke propeller
Repaired in Salt Lake City, arrived New York on 16.10.28
3-9.12.28 Exhibited at Chicago International Aeronautical Exposition by
Air Associates Inc
4.3.29 Broke prop at Garden City, NY
1929 Force-landed near Utica, NY, AE
30.7.29 Sold to Whittelsey Manufacturing Co. Inc., Bridgeport, CN
11.9.29 Identification 7083 to Whittelsey Mfg. Co., Bridgeport, CN,
engine now quoted as Cirrus III, but still s/n 423/2
2.30 Being overhauled
27.10.30 Sold to William J. Buckley, Bridgeport, CN
11.30 Cirrus III s/n 331 fitted by Northeastern Air Service Inc.,
Boston, MA, also braced tailplane, new rudder post, u/c
21.1.31 Identification 7083 registered to W.J. Buckley
19.8.31 Bought by G.B. Smith from Northeastern, later amended to Buckley
7.10.31 Granville B. Smith, New York
11.31 Right lower wing rebuilt
30.12.31 Inspected at Bridgeport, CN for upgrading to Licence status, in
poor condition, and did not conform to other Avians
Continued as Identified Aircraft, in service 12.32
1.5.33 Sold to Ernest Curran, Beechurst, Long Island, NY
Moved by truck from Armonk, NY to Flushing, NY for overhaul
18.8.33 Identification Mark 7083 issued to E. Curran, considerable rebuilding
done including new upper wings, long range tank removed
3.5.34 Sold to James H. Conklin, Roosevelt Field, NY, registered
11.7.34 Became NC7083 under Group 2 Approval 2-39, Licence expiry
22.8.34 Sold to Maxime Belin, Mitchel Field, LI, registered on 27th
10.34 Fitted with aero wheels by General Sheet Metal & Welding,
Roosevelt Field
17.10.34 Accident
30.4.35 Inspected after accident, new starboard u/c, starboard lower
wing and new propeller
2.7.35 Relicenced to 15.7.36
29.8.35 Accident at Chaumont, NY (?), propeller, port u/c damaged
Repaired by General Sheet Metal & Welding
26.12.35 Sold to Paul Rizzo and Charles Mantaras, Floyd Bennett Field,
NY, registered 14.1.36
27.1.36 Sold to Arthur N. Dibs, Brooklyn, NY, registered on 29th
5.7.36 Accident at Fallsburgh, NY
28.7.36 Sold to Dr Harold W. Trott, Hemlock, NY, to be sold for spares
11.8.36 U.S. marks cancelled ¨Dismantled or salvaged¨
14.6.01 Avro 594 Avian IV c/n R3/AV/127, ex VH-UFZ, registered as N7083 to
Yellowstone Aviation Inc. Jackson, WY for an AE commemorative

Avian at Oshkosh

Avro Avian N7083, c/n R3/AV/127, Oshkosh, 27 August 2001 ©  V.N. Smith 2001